Manus Island is situated in Papua New Guinea (PNG), one of Australia’s regional neighbours. The island’s first detention centre for asylum seekers was built in 2001 as part of Australia’s Pacific Solution. The last detainees of this period left Manus Island in 2004 and the Pacific Solution was dismantled in 2008.
In August 2012 the Australian Government announced a return to offshore processing and the relocation of asylum seekers to Manus Island resumed in
November 2012. Since that time Amnesty has been active in monitoring the detention centre for compliance with human rights legislation and conventions.